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Bladder cancer diagnostics

Bladder cancer is the third most common malignant cancer worldwide. Approximately four million cystoscopies are performed in the USA and Europe every year. Patients with bladder cancer have a good prognosis, if diagnosed early and treated adequately. Today, inadequate diagnosis of small, papillary tumours, and the variable quality of tumour surgery result in frequent tumour recurrence in 50-70% of bladder cancer patients. An improvement in early tumour detection and surgery could avoid life-threatening diagnosis of cancer in late stages. It might also reduce the number of surgical procedures including cystectomy (i.e. the removal of the bladder), if phototherapy of superficial tumours can be performed instead.

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