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Painful muscle spasms/spasticity

Spasms or painful muscle cramps are temporary contractions of peripheral muscles. They may be associated with disc problems, e.g. in the lumbar region after heavy lifting or in the cervical spine caused by whiplash injuries. Work- or sport-related injuries frequently influence the general deterioration associated with the aging process. Treatment options include physiotherapy, surgery or the administration of drugs such as analgesics or muscle relaxants.

Spasticity refers to the permanent contraction of muscles and an associated loss of muscular control. Common causes are neurological disorders. Spasticity can be associated with both congenital and acquired neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral trauma, spinal injury, cerebral sclerosis, amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or as a consequence of a stroke (CVA). Painful abnormal posture may result. Muscle relaxants such as tolperisone are often prescribed to treat both painful muscle cramps and spasticity.

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